Amritsar

About the State

 Amritsar (ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰ) is the main setting in Bride and Prejudice and is located in Punjab, India.

Population 1,092,450

The municipality had a sex ratio of 879 females per 1,000 males and 9.7% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 85.27%; male literacy was 88.09% and female literacy was 82.09%.

1 Indian Rupee (INR)  equals = 0.015 US Dollar
1 US Dollar = 66.17 Indian Rupee (INR)

 

The name of the city derives from the name of the pool around the Golden Temple (also known as Harmandir Sahib) and means “holy pool of nectar” (Amrit: elixir;Sar: (short for sarovar) lake). It is the spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh religion, and they are rightfully very proud of the city and their very beautiful and unique Gurdwara (place of worship). The Golden Temple was initiated by Guru Ramdaas Ji, the fourth Sikh Guru, and completed in 1601 by his successor Guru Arjan Dev Ji. It is now a major pilgrimage and tourism hub.

The official language is Punjabi.

Amritsar is divided in two by a tangle of railway lines.Southeast of the rail lines is the old city, which contains the Golden Temple and other historic sites, its easiest to just walk here. North of the rail lines are malls and upmarket hotels, the traffic is very hectic here and the best way to get around is by cycle-rickshaw.

amritsar-city-map
A map of Amritsar

 

 

Places to Visit

Founded in 1577 by a Sikh guru, Amritsar is home to Sikhism’s holiest shrine, the Golden Temple.

If you plan to visit the temple, both men and women bust cover their heads and remove their shoes. Alcohol and smoking are forbidden anywhere in sight of the temple.

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The Golden Temple

 

On 13 April, 1919 there was a massacre, now commonly called the Amritsar massacre. A British Army officer gave orders to 75 soldiers to open fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children during a peaceful protest that simultaneously occured with the traditional festival of Baisakhi, which celebrates Sikh New Year and is a very important day. The firing lasted about 10 minutes and 1650 rounds were fired, killing 379 people, although many suspect this number was around 1579. The Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) is now a memorial, established in 1961, and is a short 5-minute walk from the Golden Temple. There you can still see the bullet cascaded walls and the well in which many people jumped in to and drowned trying to save themselves.

Mata Temple is a labyrinthine like Hindu cave temple devoted to the female saint Lal Devi. Traditionally, women wishing to become pregnant come here to pray. The roundabout path to the main temple passes through low tunnels, caves full of ankle-deep water, inclined walkways, and mirrored hallways that make the experience seem more like a fun house than a place of worship. The colours, wide variety of deities, and elaborate mirrored image make this a psychedelically unique temple. Highly recommended! This is called Sheesh Mahal, and some people also seem to call it “Lal Devi.”

The Climate

In Amritsar, Winter starts from November and remains till March, during which, the temperatures ranges from 30°F to about 50°F. Summer commences from April and remains till June, during which, temperature reaches up to 80 °F. Monsoon Starts from July and remains till September, and post-monsoon season is from September to November.